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Casualties of World War I

 

Country Total mobilized forces Killed or died1 Wounded Prisoners or missing Total casualties
Allied Powers:
Russia 12,000,000 1,700,000 4,950,000 2,500,000 9,150,000
France2 8,410,000 1,357,800 4,266,000 537,000 6,160,800
British Empire** 8, 904,467 908,371 2,090,212 191,652 3,190,235
Italy 5,615,000 650,000 947,000 600,000 2,197,000
United States 4,734,991 116,516 204,002 ------ 320,518
Japan 800,000 300 907 3 1210
Romania 750,000 335,706 120,000 80,000 535,706
Serbia 707,343 45,000 133,148 152,198 331,106
Belgium 267,000 13,716 44,686 34,659 93,061
Greece 230,000 5,000 21,000 1,000 27,000
Portugal 100,000 7,222 13,751 12,318 33,291
Montenegro 50,000 3,000 10,000 7,000 20,000
TOTALS 42,188,810 5,152,115 12,831,004 4,121,090 22,104,209
Central Powers:
Germany 11,000,000 1,773,700 4,216,058 1,152,800 7,142,558
Austria-Hungary 7,800,000 1,200,000 3,620,000 2,200,000 7,020,000
Turkey 2,850,000 325,000 400,000 250,000 975,000
Bulgaria 1,200,000 87,500 152,390 27,029 266,919
TOTALS 22,850,000 3,386,200 8,388,448 3,629,829 15,404,477
GRAND TOTALS 65,038,810 8,538,315 21,219,452 7,750,919 37,508,686

Source: WWI Casualty and Death Tables, “The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century,” PBS / WGHBH.

Citations

  • 1 : Includes deaths from all causes.
  • 2 : Official figures.

Connection Questions

  • Which countries had the greatest number of soldiers killed and the greatest number of casualties?
  • Compare Germany, France, Russia, England and the United States. What might be some reasons for the discrepancies between countries, especially between the United States and other countries?
  • In light of these casualty figures, what might be the impact on victorious nations versus those nations that lost the war?

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