Evaluate how countries responded to the Nazis’ transformation of Germany, aggressive expansion across Europe, and persecution and mass murder of Jews and other minorities.
Explore the motives, pressures, and fears that shaped Americans’ responses to Nazism and the humanitarian refugee crisis it provoked during the 1930s and 1940s.
Students think about the responsibilities of governments as they consider how countries around the world responded to the European Jews trying to escape Nazi Germany.
Students consider how the debate around the Wagner-Rogers Bill reflected competing ideas in the United States about national identity, priorities, and values.
Students are introduced to the many factors that influenced Americans’ will and ability to respond to the Jewish refugee crisis, including isolationism, racism, xenophobia, and antisemitism.
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George describes his admiration for Hitler's leadership in a 1936 newspaper article.
Gain insight into a growing wariness of Hitler in the mid-1930s through a German police report and a letter from a US diplomat.
Learn about the non-aggression pact forged by Hitler and Stalin in 1939, the pact’s secret clauses, and the role of propaganda.
Consider how nations around the world responded to the Jewish refugee crisis created by Nazi Germany's annexation of Austria.
Learn about the memo that urged President Roosevelt to step up US efforts to rescue Jews from the Nazis, and led him to establish the War Refugee Board.
Eisenhower, a general during World War II, describes his shock and horror at touring a Nazi concentration camp liberated by US troops.
Consider why Hitler's demand for the Sudetenland evolved into an international crisis, and evaluate the resulting agreement forged by Hitler, Chamberlain, and Daladier.