Historians estimate that about 1,100 Jewish ghettos were established by the Nazis and their allies in Europe between 1933 and 1945. This map shows the locations of the largest ghettos. See full-sized image for analysis.
Map of locations of concentration camps, death camps, mass murder sites and ghettos in Europe 1942.
By the end of 1941, Germany and its allies, the Axis powers, had conquered most of continental Europe, from the eastern border of Spain to the outskirts of Moscow. See full-sized image for analysis.
Major death camps, concentration camps, and ghettos in Eastern Europe.
Read the minutes of a Jewish Councils meeting held in the Vilna ghetto in 1942 and consider the unthinkable choices faced by its members.