Read artist's statements by Pep Bonet and Sara Terry.
John Bellinger. Mr. Bellinger is a partner in the international and national security practices of Arnold & Porter LLP in Washington, DC. He advises sovereign governments and companies on a variety of international law and U.S.
Luis Moreno-Ocampo is the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. As a Prosecutor in Argentina, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo was involved in precedent-setting prosecutions of top military commanders for mass killings and other large-scale human rights abuses.
On July 17, 1998, the Rome Statute, the founding document of the International Criminal Court, was overwhelmingly approved by the countries attending the Rome Conference. one hundred twenty voted in favor of the document. While representatives from the United States made many important contributions to the Rome Statute, the United States was ultimately one of only seven nations who voted against it.* President Bill Clinton signed the treaty in the last days of his presidency in 2000. However, it was never submitted to the Senate for ratification. The fact that the United States is not a member of the ICC has sparked strong opinions on both sides of the issue. In this reading you will find two documents that exemplify the debate around the United States decision not to join the ICC.
Justice is complicated; it operates on many levels. In the home, parents often create their own system to punish inappropriate behavior and restore fairness and peace to the household.
The Rome Statute went into effect on July 1st 2002, thus beginning the process of establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC).
As criticism and concerns over the arrest warrant has mounted*, others have stepped in to support the ICC’s decisions. Notably, nearly 4 months after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, prominent peace activists and African leaders, including Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Wangari Maathai and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, issued a statement which highlights the potential of the ICC to have a positive role in securing peace and justice in Sudan.
The arrest warrant issued on March 4th, 2009 against Sudan’s president, Omar al-Bashir, represents the first time a sitting head of state has been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). A day after the warrant was issued, Bashir reacted by expelling and disbanding aid organizations that provided at least half of the humanitarian assistance received in the Darfur region. This decision, on top of that of the indictment, has attracted international attention, and people from around the world—students, activists, and concerned citizens—closely follow news that comes out of Sudan. Among those interested people is Chris Waluk, a teacher from North Carolina. On March 6, 2009, two days after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, he wrote a blog post titled, “Can the ICC Save Darfur?” He worries that the arrest warrant might cause more harm than good.
On May 7th, 2007, the prosecution issued arrest warrants against Ahmad Harun, the Minister of State for Humanitarian Affairs of Sudan, and Ali Kushayb, an alleged leader of the Janjaweed militia.Six months later the government of Sudan still adamantly refused to hand over the indicted men to face trial in the Hague. While the ICC has no authority to make arrests, ICC member nations do have the power to arrest individuals indicted by the ICC. Harun and Kushayb have remained in Sudan where they are safe from arrest. When Moreno-Ocampo presented his semi-annual report to the UN Security Council in December 2007, he argued passionately that these men need to be arrested to protect the victims of violence in Darfur and to send a signal to the Sudanese government that their crimes would not be tolerated by the international community.