In this activity, students focus on the migration story of one individual. For the first part of the activity, students can complete one or both of the following options:
Option 1: Ask your students to describe a personal story of migration. This story can be their own story, the story of a family member or ancestor, or the story of someone else they know. This migration may have happened within a country or between countries.
Option 2: Ask your students to read one of the following migration stories. (Note: Some of the migration stories contain descriptions of violence. It is important to preview materials to determine if they are appropriate for your students.)
Then, ask your students to draw a Character Map for the individual whose story they read or described. Students can draw the character map on their own piece of paper or on the Character Map handout. Ask students to share one aspect of their character map in small groups.
After students finish sharing, explain that when people migrate, they are influenced by push factors, pull factors, and obstacles.
Push factors are the conditions that “push” people to leave their homes and move somewhere new. For example, someone may be pushed to migrate by poverty. Pull factors are the conditions that “pull” people to a new place. For example, someone may be pulled to a new place because it has more job opportunities. Some migrants may experience only push factors or only pull factors, but most migrants experience a combination of both. Obstacles are any challenges people face to migrating. For example, a person may risk experiencing violence on the journey from one place to another.
As a class, brainstorm examples for each of these three categories. Students can use the story they reflected on or other stories they know about migration to help them think of ideas.