The beginning of the Nanjing Atrocities occurred with the Imperial Japanese Army’s occupation of the then capital city of China, Nanjing. These images capture the early days of the military occupation as well as offer a geographic orientation to the city confines.
The Meiji Period in Japan (1868-1912) included many institutional reforms attempting both to modernize as well as maintain their sovereignty. These images document efforts of modernization most evident in the military, civil government, education, and cultural institutions.
Before your students explore the case study, you may want to try one or more of the following short suggested activities that introduce key themes and help develop a common language for discussions about bullying and ostracism.