This map of the Middle East shows the area presently inhabited by the Kurds. At the end of World War I, the Kurds were promised their own independent homeland under the Treaty of Sèvres. The treaty was never ratified, and the Kurds were divided mainly between Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria.
Arch Oboler’s 1938 radio play, performed by Katharine Hepburn, pleaded with American audiences to offer more aid to Jewish refugee children. It aired as the country debated over the Wagner-Rogers Bill (Joint Resolution 64).
In 1971 British journalist Gitta Sereny interviewed former SS officer Franz Stangl — the commandant of the death camp Sobibor and later Treblinka. The responses to the questions Sereny posed are excerpted in this audio reading. Stangl was arrested in Brazil in 1967, tried and found guilty in West Germany in 1970. His sentence was life imprisonment and he died of heart failure six months into his term in the Düsseldorf prison.