The First South Carolina Legislature
This image shows 63 members of South Carolina’s 1868 state legislature, the first state legislature with a Black majority.
Laws passed during Reconstruction, especially the fourteenth and fifteenth Amendments, significantly expanded the scope of American citizenship and extended political rights to millions of Black Americans. In 1868, South Carolina had the first state legislature with a Black majority. This image of 63 of the legislature’s members was distributed throughout South Carolina by opponents of Radical Reconstruction. 1