Democracy thrives when informed, active, and humane citizens coexist with institutions that uphold the rule of law and shared values. Yet we see every day how fragile democracy can be. Investigate cornerstones of successful democracies, including religious freedom, a free press, media literacy, and living with difference.
"Memorial for Karl Liebknecht" by Käthe Kollwitz, 1921. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were among the founders of the Berlin Spartakusbund (Spartacus League) that evolved into the Communist Party of Germany. On January 15, 1919, Liebknecht and Luxemburg were shot to death during the Spartacus Revolt on the pretext that they were attempting escape.
Metropolis was directed by Austrian Fritz Lang and released in 1926. It was based on the novel of the same name by Lang's wife, Thea von Harbou. The story of class conflict and mechanization was set in the city of the future. Notable for its fantastic imagery and sets, the film reflected similar class tensions in Weimar and a widespread fascination with the modern and futuristic.
Still image from the silent expressionist film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari. This horror film follows a mentally ill hypnotist who uses a hypnotized person to commit murders. The writers, Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer, derived the idea for the script from their experiences with authority and obedience in the military during World War I.
The 1932 German election ballot featured 36 parties, many of which existed only on paper. The number of different groups made it difficult for any single party to gain a majority in parliament in the Weimar Republic.