These are staged “before and after” photos taken by government officials. Thomas Moore, a young indigenous boy who attended Regina Industrial School, is portrayed with short hair and Western-style clothing. Officials and missionaries created such propaganda so that they could adopt it as evidence of the radical, “beneficial” changes the schools brought about in their students.
Three generations of a Jewish family in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, in 1938 or 1939. In the eighteenth century, Vilnius (Vilna in Yiddish) was a center of Jewish learning. By the 1920s and 1930s roughly a half of the city’s inhabitants were Jews.
Tsukunft meeting in Warsaw, the capital of Poland, 1930s. Tsukunft was the youth organization of the socialist, secular Bund. Like many other Jews, its members partook in Warsaw’s bustling marketplace of political ideologies.
Two students exchange a friendly gesture as one returns to school fully veiled. Youth in France are challenging tradition and bridging divides through food, music, and sports at an unprecedented level.