On July 17, 1998, the Rome Statute, the founding document of the International Criminal Court, was overwhelmingly approved by the countries attending the Rome Conference. one hundred twenty voted in favor of the document. While representatives from the United States made many important contributions to the Rome Statute, the United States was ultimately one of only seven nations who voted against it.* President Bill Clinton signed the treaty in the last days of his presidency in 2000. However, it was never submitted to the Senate for ratification. The fact that the United States is not a member of the ICC has sparked strong opinions on both sides of the issue. In this reading you will find two documents that exemplify the debate around the United States decision not to join the ICC.