Find out how one family's lives changed when Hitler passed the Nuremberg Laws in Nazi Germany (Spanish available).
State Senator Charles Caldwell was a former slave who had led a company of African American soldiers, earlier in 1875, in a state militia formed to protect freedpeople from the White Line. The militia was later disbanded by the governor as part of a “peace agreement” with the White Line, but attacks and intimidation continued, and Caldwell himself was assassinated later that year. Eugene Welborne, who served as Caldwell’s first lieutenant in the militia, gave this account of election day in November 1875 in Clinton, Mississippi, and Caldwell’s efforts to ensure a fair vote.
From Ervin Staub's book, The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence, this excerpt examines the psychological and social background of the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg.