Birkle’s work represents the New Objectivity movement that encompassed much of the art produced in the Weimar Republic. Artists like Birkle challenged their viewers to see the world as it really was, rather than as they would like it to be. See full-sized image for analysis.
Metropolis is a silent film by Fritz Lang known for its futuristic style and special effects. One of the first science fiction feature films, it is set in a dystopian German city marked by an enormous gulf between the wealthy and the poor. See full-sized image for analysis.
Mackensen’s work represents a more traditional style of art that many Germans were familiar with before World War I. This painting was featured in the 1937 Great German Art Exhibition in Munich, sponsored by the Nazis. See full-sized image for analysis.
Grosz is one of the most important artists associated with the New Objectivity movement. His paintings and sketches often offered critical judgments of German society during the Weimar Republic. See full-sized image for analysis.
Höch’s work consists primarily of collages, often made from photographs. Höch was part of the Dada movement, which formed in part as a reaction to the death and destruction from World War I. Dada artists prized irrationality and considered their work “anti-art." See full-sized image for analysis.