Learn about the Catholic and Anglican churches' role in propagating residential schools throughout Canada.
As criticism and concerns over the arrest warrant has mounted*, others have stepped in to support the ICC’s decisions. Notably, nearly 4 months after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, prominent peace activists and African leaders, including Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Wangari Maathai and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, issued a statement which highlights the potential of the ICC to have a positive role in securing peace and justice in Sudan.
The arrest warrant issued on March 4th, 2009 against Sudan’s president, Omar al-Bashir, represents the first time a sitting head of state has been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). A day after the warrant was issued, Bashir reacted by expelling and disbanding aid organizations that provided at least half of the humanitarian assistance received in the Darfur region. This decision, on top of that of the indictment, has attracted international attention, and people from around the world—students, activists, and concerned citizens—closely follow news that comes out of Sudan. Among those interested people is Chris Waluk, a teacher from North Carolina. On March 6, 2009, two days after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, he wrote a blog post titled, “Can the ICC Save Darfur?” He worries that the arrest warrant might cause more harm than good.
Anthropologists argue that all societies educate, train, or mentor their sons and daughters. While many do not have formal schools, they can, nevertheless, have an education system that helps younger generations socialize into the norms and expectations of their parents by learning the language, skills, and values needed to become productive members of society. Indigenous societies were no different. First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people had traditions, histories, and teaching systems that reflected their experience and directed their lives. The idea that Western culture was superior and that the Indigenous Peoples needed to be Christianized and civilized came from the biases of Europeans and their unwillingness to appreciate the complex, largely unwritten teaching processes inside indigenous communities.
What action can bring closure to episodes of conflict and mass violation of human rights? What can help create goodwill and trust between groups in the aftermath of such tragic events? Because of the massive lawsuit it faced, the government was almost forced to focus on the Indian Residential Schools, and it set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) in 2008 to address those issues. So what is a truth and reconciliation commission? What are its goals?
On May 7th, 2007, the prosecution issued arrest warrants against Ahmad Harun, the Minister of State for Humanitarian Affairs of Sudan, and Ali Kushayb, an alleged leader of the Janjaweed militia.Six months later the government of Sudan still adamantly refused to hand over the indicted men to face trial in the Hague. While the ICC has no authority to make arrests, ICC member nations do have the power to arrest individuals indicted by the ICC. Harun and Kushayb have remained in Sudan where they are safe from arrest. When Moreno-Ocampo presented his semi-annual report to the UN Security Council in December 2007, he argued passionately that these men need to be arrested to protect the victims of violence in Darfur and to send a signal to the Sudanese government that their crimes would not be tolerated by the international community.
Duncan Campbell Scott was to run the residential school system at its peak— that is, between 1913 and 1932. Scott was what might be called an extreme assimilationist. As a career civil servant, he was involved in Aboriginal affairs throughout his career (he proposed several amendments to the Indian Act and negotiated one of the major treaties). More importantly, he oversaw the operation of the residential schools.