Reading

Statistics From the Civil War

This reading features statistics on the number of deaths during the Civil War. This reading is available in Spanish.
Last Updated:

At a Glance

Reading

Language

English — US
Also available in:
Spanish

Subject

  • History
  • Democracy & Civic Engagement
  • Racism

750,000

Total number of deaths from the Civil War 1

504

Deaths per day during the Civil War

2.5

Approximate percentage of the American population that died during the Civil War

7,000,000           

Number of Americans lost if 2.5% of the American population died in a war today

7,014                   

Number of American soldiers who died in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (as of 11/13/19) 2

2,100,000           

Number of Northerners mobilized to fight for the Union army

880,000              

Number of Southerners mobilized to fight for the Confederacy

40+                       

Estimated percentage of Civil War dead who were never identified

66                         

Estimated percentage of dead African American Union soldiers who were never identified

2 out of 3           

Number of Civil War deaths that occurred from disease rather than battle

68,162                 

Number of inquiries answered by the Missing Soldiers Office from 1865-1868

4,000,000           

Number of enslaved persons in the United States in 1860

180,000              

Number of African American soldiers that served in the Civil War

1 in 5                  

Average death rate for all Civil War soldiers

3:1                       

Ratio of Confederate deaths to Union deaths

9:1                       

Ratio of African American Civil War troops who died of disease to those that died on the battlefield, largely due to discriminatory medical care

100,000+           

Number of Civil War Union corpses found in the South through a federal reinterment program from 1866-1869

303,356             

Number of Union soldiers who were reinterred in 74 congressionally mandated national cemeteries by 1871

0                         

Number of Confederate soldiers buried in those national cemeteries 3

  • 1 Except where noted, figures adapted from "The Civil War by the Numbers," American Experience: Death and the Civil War companion website (accessed April 25, 2013).
  • 2 Guy Gugliotta, "New Estimate Raises Civil War Death Toll," New York Times, April 3, 2012, New York Times.
  • 3Salvo cuando se señale, las cifras se han adaptado del sitio adjunto “The Civil War by the Numbers”, American Experience: Death and the Civil War sitio adjunto, (consultado el 25 de abril de 2013).

How to Cite This Reading

Facing History and Ourselves, "Statistics From the Civil War," last updated January 18, 2018.

This reading contains text not authored by Facing History and Ourselves. See footnotes for source information.

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