In 1890, Mississippi convened a convention to write a new state constitution. Below are quotes from several delegates from the Democratic Party about the convention. Of the 134 delegates present, only one was Black.
“Let’s tell the truth if it bursts the bottom of the Universe. . . . We came here to exclude the Negro. Nothing short of this. . . . Negro suffrage is an evil. . . . The Negro race seems unfit to rule.”
—Solomon Saladin “S. S.” Calhoon
“It is the manifest intention of this Convention to secure to the State of Mississippi, ‘white supremacy.’”
—Delegate George P. Melchior of Bolivar County
“What are you here for, if not to maintain white supremacy?”