Jews wearing Star of David badges in the Łódź ghetto. The Germans crowded 160,000 Jews from the Polish city, more than a third of its population, into the ghetto, which was established in 1940.
A German postcard showing the entrance to the Łódź ghetto in Poland. The sign reads, "Jewish residential area—entry forbidden."
Photograph of the deportation of Jews from the Łódź ghetto to the Chelmno death camp in the spring of 1942.
Three members of the Jewish Fighting Organization caught after the Warsaw ghetto uprising. They worked in an underground workshop, making hand grenades and other explosives for the uprising.
Photograph of Jews boarding a train for deportation from the Łódź ghetto to the Chelmno death camp in April 1942.