The teaching strategies on this page are referenced within The Reconstruction Era and the Fragility of Democracy unit.
Encourage students to recognize the multiple causal factors behind an event from history, the present, or literature, using the visual of an iceberg.
Students become “experts” on a topic and then share their new knowledge with peers.
Structure a discussion that uses journaling and group work to strengthen students’ listening skills.
This discussion strategy helps students practice being both active speakers and active listeners in a group conversation.
Have students facilitate a discussion in order to work together toward a shared understanding of a text.
Facilitate thoughtful group discussions by having students first share their ideas in writing and with a partner.
Students interview classmates to gather evidence and ideas about a topic as they practice being active listeners.
Encourage all students to share their quick reactions to a question, topic, or text.
Looking for more lessons and primary source documents to teach the Reconstruction era? Get our complete unit on this important history, available in print, ebook, and free PDF.