Investigate how Lewis Terman, a professor of education at Stanford University, created a test in 1917 that measured the mental abilities of large groups of people.
Read an excerpt from the transcript of the Savannah Colloquy, a meeting between Union officials and Savannah’s black community in January 1865.
Investigate Eleanor Roosevelt’s description of the differences between the way Americans and Soviets viewed personal freedoms and rights in this excerpt of her speech delivered at the Sorbonne.
Democratic Party paramilitary groups also emerged in South Carolina during the 1876 state and national campaigns. There, members of these groups called themselves the “Red Shirts.” Their official battle plan called for Democratic clubs armed with rifles and pistols.
South Carolina governor Daniel Chamberlain sends a request to President Grant in 1876 for Federal intervention after the massacre at Hamburgh.
This is the full text of President Lincoln's second inaugural address, which took place March 4, 1865.
In 1874, Congress was debating a new civil rights bill that would end segregation of public transportation and public accommodations (such as hotels). Charles Hays of Alabama, a former slaveholder turned Republican congressman, supported the bill despite growing opposition, threats, and violence in his state. Here he addresses Congress to share his views.