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Holocaust survivor Jack Arnel describes the German invasion of his hometown of Vilna, Lithuania. Credit: USC Shoah Foundation
Moshe Shamir was 19 years old and living in Czernowitz, in western Ukraine, when the Germans found him in 1941.
Holocaust survivor Nechama Shneorson describes when Nazis came to take children from a ghetto.
Zvi Michaeli describes how he survived when the Germans rounded up and massacred all the Jews in Eishyshok, Lithuania.
Former Jewish partisans discuss the goals, challenges, and personal motives of the Jews who resisted the Germans.
Historian Jeffrey Shandler describes Jewish life in Poland before World War II. Until 1933-1935 Polish Jews were not concerned by Europe’s changing political or social climate. Polish Jews believed they lived in post-war, not pre-war, Poland.
Former Jewish partisan Sonia Orbuch recalls the moment she and her family joined a group of Russian partisans.
Joseph Maier describes former Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Hoess at Nuremberg.
Former Jewish partisan Sonia Orbuch describes how she approached the dangers of life as a partisan.
Leslie Gilbert-Lurie and Rita Lurie reflect on Rita’s experiences as a Holocaust survivor.
Rita Lurie, Holocaust survivor, explains what her life after the end of World War II.
Rita Lurie describes her experiences as a child hiding from the Nazis and Polish farmers.