This unit is designed to help teachers have conversations with their students about contemporary antisemitism in a safe, sensitive and constructive way. Use these lessons to help your students reflect on antisemitism – how it manifests in contemporary society and its impact – and consider what needs to be done to challenge it.
The global Jewish community is diverse and broad: Judaism has been around for millennia and there are Jews living all over the world, who have different heritages, identities, skin colour, and professions, as well as different relationships to religion. In the present day, Jewish identity is about more than Judaism as a religion – someone might identify as Jewish because of their nationality, ethnicity, cultural heritage and/or religion.
Yet despite their diversity, Jews have been discriminated against, ostracised and attacked for millennia just for being Jewish. This hatred of and hositility towards Jews, which in the present day is known as antisemitism, has evolved over time as new generations have adapted anti-Judaic ideologies to retain relevance in the face of shifting world views, anxieties and social customs.
At its root, antisemitism relies on the idea that certain physical, intellectual and moral differences exist between Jews and other groups, and that these differences are biological, irreversible, and render Jews odious. Such negative perceptions of Jews, which were originally borne of religious prejudice and thus known as anti-Judaism, both led to, and were reinforced by, the creation of vicious lies and conspiracies. Jews were scapegoated for social ills, causing antisemitic tropes based on these vitriolic falsehoods to spread across societies and cultures.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of antisemitic incidents recorded in the UK and across the world. This rise is due to a range of factors: the rising tide of populism, nationalism and far-right theories of white supremacy; the widespread use of the Internet and social media which allow antisemites – and others who share antisemitic ideas unwittingly – to expose large audiences to conspiracy theories scapegoating Jews; 1 and spikes in conflict between Israel and Palestine. 2 These manifestations of antisemitism, along with others, deploy old antisemitic tropes, adapting them to retain relevance in contemporary society.
Antisemitism can be a difficult topic to discuss in the classroom: it is hugely complex and has such a long history that antisemitic attitudes have shaped modern perceptions in ways that are difficult to grasp. Antisemitism is discrimination and hatred towards Jews, but it is also a conspiratorial lens through which people understand the world – many antisemitic tropes, for example, allege Jews have an inordinate amount of power and control over global institutions, wealth and politics, despite their proportion of the population: Jews account for less than 0.2 per cent of the global population and for 0.4 per cent of the UK population. 3 Helping students grasp the complexities of antisemitism, its history and how it exists in the present day is vital if it is to be challenged. Not challenging antisemitism has disastrous impacts not only for Jews, who risk being attacked, but also for other marginalised groups as it normalises oppression. Left unchecked, antisemitism can also risk the health of society: if Jews are blamed for causing society’s problems, then no attention will be paid to understanding the real root causes and how to overcome them. 4
Use this unit to help students understand what antisemitism is, how it manifests in contemporary society and its impact, and to explore their role in standing up against antisemitism. The lessons will guide students through these fundamental questions:
- What is antisemitism, how does it manifest in the world today and what is its impact?
- What is the history of antisemitic tropes and how have they evolved to retain relevance in the present day?
- How is antisemitism spread online and what are the potential consequences of being exposed to antisemitic content?
- How can we stand up against contemporary antisemitism?
- 1Joe Mulhall, ed., Antisemitism in the Digital Age: Online Antisemitic Hate, Holocaust Denial, Conspiracy Ideologies and Terrorism in Europe, Amadeu Antonio Foundation, Expo Foundation and HOPE not hate, October 2021 (accessed 22 November 2021).
- 2Benjamin Ward, ‘Europe’s Worrying Surge of Antisemitism’, Human Rights Watch, 17 May 2021 (accessed 30 September 2021).
- 3 ‘United Kingdom’, Institute for Jewish Policy Research (accessed 22 September 2022).
- 4 Yair Rosenberg, ‘Why So Many People Still Don’t Understand Anti-Semitism’, The Atlantic, 19 January 2022 (accessed 24 January 2022).
This unit supports a three or more class period exploration of contemporary antisemitism and includes:
- 4 lessons complete with resources
- Classroom-ready PowerPoints for each lesson
Preparing to Teach
A Note to Teachers
Before teaching this unit, please review the following information to help guide your preparation process.
We recommend that, if possible, you teach all of the lessons in the designated order. However, if you do not have time to do so, please ensure that you teach at least lessons one and two. Lesson three and four are both split into two fifty-minute parts; if time is limited, then, teach the second part of each lesson (or of just one of the lessons). Regardless of how many lessons you are able to teach, please read the unit in its entirety and review all of the content, so that you understand the context and are making informed decisions on which lessons to use.
Discussing sensitive issues with your students can be challenging and requires first building a foundation of trust and shared norms with your class. We recommend you use our guide Fostering Civil Discourse: A Guide for Classroom Conversations to help you prepare your class to engage meaningfully in this topic.
While teaching this unit, it is also important to be mindful of the fact that there might be Jewish students in your classroom who might find this topic difficult to discuss, given its personal relevance. Ensure you encourage other students to be mindful of this. You might also wish to give students the opportunity to share any thoughts on the topic with you personally, either out of class time or in the form of an Exit Card.
Most instances of contemporary antisemitism (and Islamophobia) occur whenever there is a resurgence in conflict in Israel-Palestine. If your students want to, or would benefit from discussing this conflict in further depth, please see some suggested resources and approaches on Discussing the Israel-Palestine Conflict in the Classroom.
For more resources on antisemitism:
- See our unit Teaching Holocaust and Human Behaviour
- See our lesson Recognising Antisemitism in British Football
- See our Teaching Idea Responding to Rising Antisemitism
- See our Teaching Idea Rising Antisemitism and Fading Memories of the Holocaust
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