Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935)

Kurt Tucholsky, was the most brilliant and productive German satirist of the twentieth century. During the Weimar years he produced books, essays, newspaper columns, and lyrics for cabaret songs. He was a constant critic of the Weimar Republic believing that it had not made the reforms necessary to make it a true democracy and a successful Republic. He satirized the judges, the clergymen, the generals, the industrialists and the politicians. Communists accused him of not being a militant enough critic of the Republic; Republicans accused him of trying to undermine the Republic; the Nazis accused him of being a Jewish Communist; Jews accused him of being an antisemite; and the Generals and clergymen took him to court to accuse him of blasphemy and libel. By 1931, he claimed that the German people who had been "Dichter und Denker" (Poets and Thinkers) were in danger of becoming "Richter und Henker" (Judges and Hangmen). Tucholsky fled Germany in 1933 when the Nazis took power and died by suicide in Sweden in 1938 when they appeared triumphant everywhere.

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