Our Approach

The Facing History approach is a synthesis of compelling content and rigorous academic enquiry, not a specific sequence of lessons. Each scheme of work — whether History, English, RS, Citizenship or PSHE — is built around our core framework, which integrates the study of history and literature with ethical decision-making and innovative teaching strategies.

This approach enables teachers to promote students’ historical understanding, critical thinking, empathy, and social–emotional learning, as well as facilitating transformative exchanges in their classrooms. As students explore the complexities of history and human behaviour, they reflect on the choices they confront today and consider how they can make a difference.

“Those taking GCSE Citizenship were mostly our lower achieving students, but they managed to outperform the higher achieving students. It is not something I’ve managed to achieve using any other resources or techniques so far.”

- Facing History RS and Citizenship teacher


The Scope and Sequence

The five stages of Scope and Sequence: Individual and Society, We and They, Case Study, Judgement Memory and Legacy, and Choosing to Participate.
  1. A Facing History course begins with an exploration of the Individual and Society and how individual and national identities are formed.

  2. We and They focuses on the processes within the national and collective identity that help people connect but that also contribute to misunderstanding and conflict. Students consider themes of identity, individuality, conformity, stereotyping, group loyalty, and responsibilities to those beyond one’s immediate circle.

  3. Students then apply the concepts related to individual and group behaviour to a historical or literary Case Study. Students reflect upon and discuss issues that are both timely and timeless, grasping the complexities of the past, while also connecting it to their lives today. Students come to understand the fragility of democracy and the importance of acting to protect and preserve the rights we can often take for granted.

  4. As students move from thought to judgement, they discuss questions of Memory, Judgement and Legacy and explore the concepts of good and evil, guilt and responsibility, prevention and punishment. How do students understand and judge the actions and inactions of the people whose lives and choices they have studied? What do those concepts mean in our world today?

  5. Students finish the unit by considering how understanding the past can connect with the issues of today in Choosing to Participate. Stories of everyday individuals whose choices and actions have made a difference in their community and nation, in both large and small ways help students to understand that they also have the power to change the course of history through their own positive action. They explore what it means to exercise one’s rights and responsibilities to be an upstanding citizen in our democracy.

"Everyone in my group is respectful and non judgemental. . .I have learnt that standing up and speaking out can make a difference but staying quiet does not."

-Year 9 Facing History Student


The Pedagogical Triangle

A triangle made of 3 arrows showing the relationship between intellectual rigour, ethical reflection, emotional engagement, and responsible active citizenship.

Our Pedagogical Triangle demonstrates that the processes of academic rigour, emotional engagement, and ethical reflection strengthen each other. At the centre is the students’ active, upstanding citizenship and their confidence that they can play a positive role in their classrooms, schools, communities, and the world beyond.

Explore Our Core Resources

Facing History has produced a wide range of educational materials and resources, from individual readings, lessons and videos, to entire units. These resources can be explored through Our Work page.

Follow Facing History UK

Search Our Global Collection

Everything you need to get started teaching your students about racism, antisemitism and prejudice.