Students confront the enormity of the crimes committed during the Nanjing atrocities by listening to survivor testimony.
Students are introduced to the history of Western imperialism in East Asia and its influence on the identities and ambitions of Japan and China.
First Opium (First Anglo-Chinese) War. Treaty of Nanking signed (1842) ending the First Opium War. China to pay large indemnity and extraterritoriality and most favored nation principle established in China