July 1937: Marco Polo Bridge Incident, outbreak of (Second) Sino-Japanese War
August: Formation of the Shanghai Expeditionary Army
Scholar Beth Van Schaack discusses General Matsui Iwane’s involvement in the Nanjing atrocities.
Dr. Hong Zheng reflects on his earliest memory as a five year old during the Second Sino-Japanese War when Japanese airplanes dropped bombs around his village, forcing his family to seek shelter in an air raid shelter.
Dr. Hong Zheng recalls the fate of his uncle’s family in Hong Kong during the Second Sino-Japanese War, when Japanese soldiers enter and search their home. Another family, thousands of compatriots, and British POWs, also cannot escape the violence.
First Opium (First Anglo-Chinese) War. Treaty of Nanking signed (1842) ending the First Opium War. China to pay large indemnity and extraterritoriality and most favored nation principle established in China