Democracy thrives when informed, active, and humane citizens coexist with institutions that uphold the rule of law and shared values. Yet we see every day how fragile democracy can be. Investigate cornerstones of successful democracies, including religious freedom, a free press, media literacy, and living with difference.
Artist John Heartfield created this satirical photomontage, showing the metamorphosis from President Friedrich Ebert (caterpillar) to Paul von Hindenburg (pupa) to Adolf Hitler (death’s-head moth). Born Helmut Herzfelde, the artist changed his name to John Heartfield to protest the strong anti-English hostility present in Germany during World War I.
"Metropolis" was directed by Austrian Fritz Lang and released in 1926. It was based on the novel of the same name by Lang's wife, Thea von Harbou. The story of class conflict and mechanization was set in the city of the future. Notable for its fantastic imagery and sets, the film reflected similar class tensions in Weimar and a widespread fascination with the modern and futuristic.
Still image from the silent expressionist film "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari." This horror film follows a mentally ill hypnotist who uses a hypnotized person to commit murders. The writers, Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer, derived the idea for the script from their experiences with authority and obedience in the military during World War I.