This content is also available in French. View the French version of the Stolen Lives book.


In what ways can apologies help a society move toward a more peaceful future? In this chapter, we begin thinking about transitional justice in Canada by focusing on the apologies offered by the Canadian government and the churches of Canada.





Get an overview of the central themes you will explore in these readings on apologies.

Reading 1 of 3

The Churches Apologize

Read apologies given by churches of Canada for their role in the Indian Residential Schools system.

Reading 2 of 3

The Government Apologizes

Reflect on the apologies from the Canadian government to the Indigenous Peoples of Canada, including Prime Minister Stephen Harper's 2008 public apology.

Reading 3 of 3

Are Apologies Enough?

Consider two Indigenous leaders' reflections on the shortcomings of Prime Minister Stephen Harper's public apology in achieving movement toward justice and reconciliation.

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