Examine the moral dilemmas faced by five diplomats who, at great personal risk, assisted Jews fleeing Nazi persecution during the Holocaust.
Students consider how Schindler's evolution from collaborator to rescuer adds to their thinking about the importance of individual choices.
Through a close reading of diary entries, students consider the complex relationships that surfaced between non-Jews and Jews living under German occupation.
Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz', a German diplomat stationed in the capital of Copenhagen, alerted both the Jewish community and the Danish underground of the coming roundup. As a result, most of the Danish Jews went into hiding and were transported to Sweden, where they were cared for thanks to Duckwitz’s diplomacy.
Chiune (Sempo) Sugihara, a Japanese diplomat stationed in the Lithuanian prewar capital of Kaunas (Kovno) in the summer of 1940. In defiance of his superiors, Sugihara decided to provide transit visas to thousands of Jews who had escaped German persecution in Poland. Many of them used this opportunity to flee Europe into safety.
The incredible story of Swiss diplomat Carl Lutz and of Swedish envoy Raoul Wallenberg whose program saved tens of thousands of Jews and showed that a cross-nation collaborative diplomatic effort could be implemented.
Below are five video clips corresponding to the rescuers featured in this guide - Hiram Bingham IV, Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz, Chiune Sugihara, Selahattin Ülkümen, and Raoul Wallenberg. All video clips are courtesy of Michael King Productions, LLC.