Read excerpts from a research paper by Dr. Paul Slovic, a University of Oregon professor who performs research in human psychology and decision-making.
On July 17, 1998, the Rome Statute, the founding document of the International Criminal Court, was overwhelmingly approved by the countries attending the Rome Conference. one hundred twenty voted in favor of the document. While representatives from the United States made many important contributions to the Rome Statute, the United States was ultimately one of only seven nations who voted against it.* President Bill Clinton signed the treaty in the last days of his presidency in 2000. However, it was never submitted to the Senate for ratification. The fact that the United States is not a member of the ICC has sparked strong opinions on both sides of the issue. In this reading you will find two documents that exemplify the debate around the United States decision not to join the ICC.
Justice is complicated; it operates on many levels. In the home, parents often create their own system to punish inappropriate behavior and restore fairness and peace to the household.
The Rome Statute went into effect on July 1st 2002, thus beginning the process of establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC).
Provide students with context for understanding China’s ongoing persecution of the Uighur Muslims and encourage them to consider the experiences of this religious minority group targeted with discriminatory policies and incarceration.
1899: Representatives of 26 nations met for the International Peace Conference where they drafted the Convention with Respect to the Laws and Customs of War on Land, one of the first formal statements of international laws related to war and war crimes.
As criticism and concerns over the arrest warrant has mounted*, others have stepped in to support the ICC’s decisions. Notably, nearly 4 months after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, prominent peace activists and African leaders, including Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Wangari Maathai and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, issued a statement which highlights the potential of the ICC to have a positive role in securing peace and justice in Sudan.
The arrest warrant issued on March 4th, 2009 against Sudan’s president, Omar al-Bashir, represents the first time a sitting head of state has been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). A day after the warrant was issued, Bashir reacted by expelling and disbanding aid organizations that provided at least half of the humanitarian assistance received in the Darfur region. This decision, on top of that of the indictment, has attracted international attention, and people from around the world—students, activists, and concerned citizens—closely follow news that comes out of Sudan. Among those interested people is Chris Waluk, a teacher from North Carolina. On March 6, 2009, two days after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, he wrote a blog post titled, “Can the ICC Save Darfur?” He worries that the arrest warrant might cause more harm than good.