The ten winning student essays reflect on the stories and ideals that have helped shape the ways they think about their roles and responsibilities as engaged members of their communities.
View frequently asked questions about Facing History's Student Essay contest. Learn more about the 2018 essay prompt, prizes, and how to submit your essay.
1899: Representatives of 26 nations met for the International Peace Conference where they drafted the Convention with Respect to the Laws and Customs of War on Land, one of the first formal statements of international laws related to war and war crimes.
First Opium (First Anglo-Chinese) War. Treaty of Nanking signed (1842) ending the First Opium War. China to pay large indemnity and extraterritoriality and most favored nation principle established in China