July 1937: Marco Polo Bridge Incident, outbreak of (Second) Sino-Japanese War
August: Formation of the Shanghai Expeditionary Army
This curriculum is designed to guide you and your students through a Facing History and Ourselves unit about the Reconstruction era of American history. In this unit, students will investigate the challenges of creating a just democracy in a time of deep division. The resources included here have been selected and sequenced in order to deepen students’ ethical and moral reasoning, challenge their critical thinking and literacy skills, and engage them in a rigorous study of history. This unit unfolds over 16 lessons. Students begin with an examination of the relationship between the individual and society, reflect on the way that humans divide themselves into “in” groups and “out” groups throughout history, dive deep into a case study on the history of Reconstruction, and then explore the way that history is remembered and the impact of its various legacies in contemporary society.
1899: Representatives of 26 nations met for the International Peace Conference where they drafted the Convention with Respect to the Laws and Customs of War on Land, one of the first formal statements of international laws related to war and war crimes.
First Opium (First Anglo-Chinese) War. Treaty of Nanking signed (1842) ending the First Opium War. China to pay large indemnity and extraterritoriality and most favored nation principle established in China