Understanding the vast range of individuals and groups who perpetrated the atrocities during the Holocaust is a difficult but critical element in the history. This audio reading explores one group--police battalions-who were organized locally much like the National Guard in the United States or other army units where soldiers were not full time. This unit Police Battalion 101 came from Hamburg, Germany but were assigned to the district outside of Lublin, Poland. The testimony recounted here came from the post-war interrogations from these soldiers and the events that took place.
In this segment of an interview conducted by Studs Terkel, Eileen Barthe, a government relief case worker during the Great Depression, remembers an experience that caused a recipient of relief to face deep humiliation.
In an interview with Studs Terkel, Virginia Foster Durr, a prominent American civil rights activist, reflects on life during the Great Depression, particularly the way that people on government relief felt shame and guilt over their own suffering and poverty, rather than blaming the capitalist system.
As the Nazi regime consolidated its power, German universities were targeted and purged of any academics who refused to pledge allegiance to National Socialism. In this audio reading Austrian Economist Peter Drucker recounts the moment he realized he needed to leave his country because of the terror and intimidation that was occurring.
The Hitler Youth Movement every aspect of a German person's young life. Erika Mann, a German opposed to the Nazis, describes how even at a 12-year-old boy's birthday party, the intimidation and power of the Hitler Youth filters into the celebration.
The House debated John Trevor’s immigration plan in March and April of 1924. Excerpts from the debate reveal how strongly members felt about immigration and reveal the extent of the influence of Harry Laughlin, a leading American eugenicist.
Enver, Ottoman Minister of War, served as military attache to Berlin prior to the coup when he became one of the triumvirate to seize power in 1913. Afterward, German-Ottoman military cooperation became official policy. Several officials discuss the "liquidation" and deportation of the Armenians.
"The Lavender Song" (Das Lila Lied) is a Cabaret song from the Weimar Republic in Germany, 1920. The music was composed by Mischa Spoliansky, and the lyrics were written by Kurt Schwabach. Music by Mischa Spoliansky, original lyrics by Kurt Schwabach (1920)