Anti-Semitism, a hatred with roots long before the Holocaust, continues to intensely endure today, erupting in violent conflicts. This film explores the insidious attitude that casts Jews as “permanent outsiders.”
The beginning of the Nanjing Atrocities occurred with the Imperial Japanese Army’s occupation of the then capital city of China, Nanjing. These images capture the early days of the military occupation as well as offer a geographic orientation to the city confines.
The Meiji Period in Japan (1868-1912) included many institutional reforms attempting both to modernize as well as maintain their sovereignty. These images document efforts of modernization most evident in the military, civil government, education, and cultural institutions.