Learn how the Nazis imposed their racial hierarchy on the people of Poland during the German occupation.
Japan’s efforts to build a modern nation considered both its history and adaptation of Western practices. This exposure to other nations paved the way for a new openness with the rest of the world and allowed for the emergence of a group of intellectuals who believed that adopting aspects of Western culture would only strengthen Japan. Kido Takayoshi (1833–1877), one delegate on the Iwakura Mission, wrote to his friend Sugiyama Takatoshi in 1873 and discussed the critical role of education in the United States.
From Ervin Staub's book, The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence, this excerpt examines the psychological and social background of the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg.