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Explore the decision of Vitka Kempner, then a 19-year-old Jewish teenager from Poland, to leave her family and flee when the German army invaded in 1939.
Contributor: Professor Lawrence Langer
Look at a selection of anti-apartheid posters that show the diverse range of messages and issues covered within the movement.
Learn how the Nazis used film to create an image of the “national community” and to demonize those they viewed as the enemy, such as the Jews.
Sara Fortis recounts feeling responsible for the well-being of the women in her all-female partisan unit.
Read W.H. Auden’s poem “Refugee Blues” about the plight of Jewish refugees during the Holocaust.
Learn about German artist Gunter Demnig and his work installing plaques that honor Holocaust victims across Europe.
Israeli poet Haim Gouri and Monia Avrahami explore resistance during the Holocaust.
Learn about the dilemmas Jewish partisans faced as they encouraged others to fight back against the Germans during the Holocaust, through experience of teenage resistance fighter Vitka Kempner.
Read the story of Sara Fortis, a young woman who fled her hometown in Greece when the Nazis invaded in 1941 and joined the resistance movement.
Learn about the necessity to recruit and train women for an all-female partisan unit.
Learn about the measures taken by a young woman and her family to join a partisan group during the Nazi's forced occupation of Poland.