This is part of a Facing History's resources on bullying and ostracism. This details a specific incident from the perspective of several students and teachers and describes the aftermath at a middle school.
As criticism and concerns over the arrest warrant has mounted*, others have stepped in to support the ICC’s decisions. Notably, nearly 4 months after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, prominent peace activists and African leaders, including Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Wangari Maathai and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, issued a statement which highlights the potential of the ICC to have a positive role in securing peace and justice in Sudan.
The arrest warrant issued on March 4th, 2009 against Sudan’s president, Omar al-Bashir, represents the first time a sitting head of state has been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC). A day after the warrant was issued, Bashir reacted by expelling and disbanding aid organizations that provided at least half of the humanitarian assistance received in the Darfur region. This decision, on top of that of the indictment, has attracted international attention, and people from around the world—students, activists, and concerned citizens—closely follow news that comes out of Sudan. Among those interested people is Chris Waluk, a teacher from North Carolina. On March 6, 2009, two days after the ICC issued the arrest warrant for Bashir, he wrote a blog post titled, “Can the ICC Save Darfur?” He worries that the arrest warrant might cause more harm than good.
On Friday, September 10th, U.S. District Judge Ronald N. Davies ruled that the state could not continue to block integration. Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus responded to the court order by withdrawing the Arkansas National Guard.
The following Monday, about 100 Little Rock police officers placed wooden barricades around Central High as over a thousand angry white men and women from Arkansas and surrounding states gathered in front of the building. To avoid the mob, the African American students entered the school through a side door. After learning the students were in the building, the crowd went on a rampage.
The next day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, outraged by the violence, ordered the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock. On September 25th, American soldiers not only dispersed the mob but also escorted the "Little Rock Nine" to school.
In the weeks that followed, the 101st Airborne restored order in the streets. But neither the soldiers nor school officials had much effect on the small but determined group of white students who insulted, humiliated, and physically threatened the “Little Rock Nine” day after day.
On May 7th, 2007, the prosecution issued arrest warrants against Ahmad Harun, the Minister of State for Humanitarian Affairs of Sudan, and Ali Kushayb, an alleged leader of the Janjaweed militia.Six months later the government of Sudan still adamantly refused to hand over the indicted men to face trial in the Hague. While the ICC has no authority to make arrests, ICC member nations do have the power to arrest individuals indicted by the ICC. Harun and Kushayb have remained in Sudan where they are safe from arrest. When Moreno-Ocampo presented his semi-annual report to the UN Security Council in December 2007, he argued passionately that these men need to be arrested to protect the victims of violence in Darfur and to send a signal to the Sudanese government that their crimes would not be tolerated by the international community.