Read excerpts from from an interview with Lorna, an African American student from an urban working class family. This interview is part of a larger case study on eighth grade students and teachers.
Read interview excerpts with Jill, a white girl from an upper-middle class family. This interview is part of a series of interviews with eighth-grade students and teachers on dynamics between students and how their perspectives differ.
Explore the teacher's perspective on classroom incidents and how Facing History's curriculum helped change dynamics between students in her classroom. This is part of a series of interviews of students and teachers.
Read interview excerpts with Rhonda, an African American girl from an urban, working class family. This interview is part of a series of interviews with eighth-grade students and teachers on dynamics between students and how their perspectives differ.
Read excerpts from an interview with eighth grade student Sue, an Asian American girl from a working class family, and learn about her experience being bullied. Learn how Facing History helped Sue connect with a broader community.
On Friday, September 10th, U.S. District Judge Ronald N. Davies ruled that the state could not continue to block integration. Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus responded to the court order by withdrawing the Arkansas National Guard.
The following Monday, about 100 Little Rock police officers placed wooden barricades around Central High as over a thousand angry white men and women from Arkansas and surrounding states gathered in front of the building. To avoid the mob, the African American students entered the school through a side door. After learning the students were in the building, the crowd went on a rampage.
The next day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, outraged by the violence, ordered the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock. On September 25th, American soldiers not only dispersed the mob but also escorted the "Little Rock Nine" to school.
In the weeks that followed, the 101st Airborne restored order in the streets. But neither the soldiers nor school officials had much effect on the small but determined group of white students who insulted, humiliated, and physically threatened the “Little Rock Nine” day after day.