Examine firsthand reports of the theft committed against Jews during the chaos and violence of Kristallnacht (Spanish available).
Barbara Turkeltaub, a Jewish girl who was hidden by Catholic nuns during the war, describes witnessing a Nazi massacre.
I usually was a very good girl and listen, very conform to what I needed to do. That one particularly day that looked such a nice day early in the morning—we were very early up. We were up six o'clock, because there was like a mass in the morning. They had like a little chapel and they went to mass and they took us there too. My sister was not very often there, because she wouldn't sit. But they took me almost every time.
Now, after the mass, we would go and have a breakfast. And after the breakfast, it was a quiet time. So during that quiet time, which was still very early, I venture. I didn't remember that I wasn't supposed to. And I ventured and the forest was, I mean, right there, very close by. So I went into the forest and I went a little bit farther and very curious. I wasn't frightened at all, and I didn't have to go very far from there. I started to hear these noises. These noises. Pop, pop, pop, pop, pop, pop, pop.
I didn't really associate this with shooting, because it sounds differently. I don't know. Anyway, I went towards the sound. And I didn't go very far. I saw this huge ditch. And around it a group of—I began to hear also voices. Voices. And I saw a group of women, and they were undressed, and some of them were holding babies in their arms. And the Germans were shooting randomly. I mean, and they were falling.
I was so stunned, I couldn't move. I couldn't move. I couldn't. I was just hypnotized. I was there. And very soon afterwards, somebody grabbed me and carry me again from there. And that was one of the nuns, older nuns. And they were telling me, she was telling me, and the others were dead. You were told not to venture. You were told not to go. You have not listened to us. It's very bad.