This footage is among the most famous scenes from the liberation of Auschwitz—a group of surviving children now under the care of nurses.
Among the 2,819 liberated Auschwitz inmates, there were 180 children. 52 of them were under eight years of age. How could they survive this hell? They managed to survive because they were wanted for medical research, instead of mice and rabbits.
But the German murderers with medical degrees were only keen on a particular kind of children. They wanted to experiment on twins. Twins were the special research material of Dr. Mengele and Dr. Schmidt. Children who did not belong to that category were simply murdered. The infants were known by the numbers on their little hands.