Shadow Reading


The Shadow Reading strategy provides a structured way to expose students to various perspectives on a complex topic, often through first person accounts from individuals who experienced a particular event or era. It also provides an opportunity for students to practice analyzing the concept of point of view.


  1. Read All Texts

    Each student reads all of the texts included in this activity. Often teachers will choose to use only two texts, to keep the activity focused on the two most common opposing viewpoints on a given issue. However, it may also be appropriate to choose more than two texts, depending on the content being covered. You may want to provide guiding questions ahead of time to help ensure that students focus on the parts of each text that provide information about the author or narrator’s perspective on a particular issue.

  2. Compose A Dialogue

    Ask students to imagine a meeting between two authors or narrators with opposing viewpoints. Students should use the texts they examined in the first part of the activity to help them compose a dialogue for such a conversation. Depending on the content of the texts students read in the first step, select some of the following questions for students to answer in the dialogue:

    • How would these two people start a conversation? What would they talk about?
    • What would be the tone of their conversation?
    • What would each person want the other to know about their experiences and or beliefs?
    • How would each person defend their position? What arguments would they make?
    • What emotions would each person feel during the discussion? How would they express those emotions?
    • Is there anything these two people have in common that they could discuss?
    • What might they share? What might they want to conceal?
  3. Share

    Invite pairs to act out their dialogue for the class. After a few, have students consider what the conversations have in common. What do they add to the class’ understanding of the issue or historical period under study?1


  • 1 :


Letter Writing: Rather than compose a dialogue between two people, you can ask students to adopt one perspective and write a letter to a person with an opposing perspective. Once students have read the texts, ask them to do the following:

  1. Adopt One Perspective

    Ask students to adopt the perspective of the author or narrator from one of the texts. To ensure balance, it is best to assign each student to a specific perspective rather than allowing students to choose for themselves.

  2. Address an Opposing Perspective

    Adopting the perspective assigned to them, students then address the author of the opposing perspective, typically by writing a letter in which the student explains his or her position on the central issue.

  3. Share

    It is important for students to hear examples of what others—from either perspective—wrote. The easiest way to accomplish this is to have students read the letters that they wrote aloud to the class. This can lead to worthwhile discussions about perspective and can help call attention to specific ideas or experiences that contributed to the complexity of a particular issue or period of time. Typically this step works best when students hear from alternating perspectives. As students read, you may want to keep a running list of examples cited on either side of an issue. You may also have students complete this step in small groups. Utilizing small groups may be especially useful when working with more than two texts.

Use Another Medium: Rather than having students analyze a text, you may also have them view or listen to another source (such as a video or an audio recording) that conveys a particular perspective.2


Related Content

Teaching Strategy

Stations: Interacting with Multiple Texts

Small groups of students move from station to station to read, watch, and interpret a variety of resources.


Looking at Citizenship through a Literary Lens

This article by Laura Tavares explains how teaching novels can develop empathy, humility, and tolerance.

Teaching Strategy

Reader's Theater

Students create a performance that conveys a text’s message, theme, or conflict.

Teaching Strategy


Use this discussion strategy to help students practice being contributors and listeners in a group conversation.

Search Our Global Collection

Everything you need to get started teaching your students about racism, antisemitism and prejudice.