Sworn Departure Statement of Wong Kim Ark, November 5, 1894
This sworn departure statement is part of the return certificate application of Wong Kim Ark, a Chinese American who was born in the United States to Chinese immigrants. He took a trip to China, and upon his return to America, he was denied entry by the San Francisco Collector of Customs on the grounds that he was not a citizen, despite being born in the United States. He appealed the Collector's decision, the case making it all the way to the Supreme Court, who ruled that U.S.-born descendants of immigrants could not be denied citizenship. November 5, 1894.
Wong Kim Ark, a Chinese American who was born in the United States to Chinese immigrants, filed this identification photograph with the Immigration Service in San Francisco, prior to taking a trip to China. However, on his return to America, he was denied re-entry by the San Francisco Collector of Customs on the grounds that he was not a citizen, despite being born in the United States.
Anna May Wong is an actor who decided to become a movie star, rather than be "shoved to the sidelines of American life" due the treatment of Chinese Americans. She was successful in reaching her goal, though she faced much discrimination and stereotyping in her career.
Still of Douglas Fairbanks, Julanne Johnston and Anna May Wong in The Thief of Bagdad. Anna May Wong was cast into the supporting role of the princess's scheming "Mongol" slave. This role was a stereotype, representing how Chinese women were viewed.
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