While China dealt with internal economic and political upheaval after the formation of the First Chinese Republic in 1911, Japan was emerging as a formidable imperial power. Following their victories in the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), Japanese leaders sought for more territories in the region. Gradually, Japan grew a vast empire.
Adjusting to life in America was difficult for Calvin, not speaking a word of English. He had to start school a month after his arrival, beginning first grade at nine years old. He persevered in school and entered University of California Berkeley in 1949 until he was drafted in 1951 to fight in the Korean war. After the war he returned to the US, received a combat medic’s badge and 4 battle stars and graduated from Berkeley in 1956.