A German postcard showing the entrance to the Łódź ghetto in Poland. The sign reads, "Jewish residential area—entry forbidden."
Jews wearing Star of David badges in the Łódź ghetto. The Germans crowded 160,000 Jews from the Polish city, more than a third of its population, into the ghetto, which was established in 1940.
Three members of the Jewish Fighting Organization caught after the Warsaw ghetto uprising. They worked in an underground workshop, making hand grenades and other explosives for the uprising.
Map of locations of concentration camps, death camps, mass murder sites and ghettos in Europe 1942.
Photograph of Jewish police escorting a group of Jews who have been rounded-up for deportation from the Łódź ghetto on June 25, 1944.