Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazis established more than 40,000 camps for the imprisonment, forced labor, or mass killing of Jews, Sinti and Roma, Communists, and other so-called “enemies of the state." See full-sized image for analysis.
Learn about the mass shootings and massacres of Jews by German forces at Babi Yar, Kiev, and other Baltic territories.
Learn about the Nazis’ creation of death camps designed exclusively to carry out mass murder.
Map of the German administration of Poland, September 1939.
Between 1933 and 1939, Greater Germany expanded significantly as a result of the Third Reich’s annexations and conquests in eastern Europe. See full-sized image for analysis.