Grosz is one of the most important artists associated with the New Objectivity movement. His paintings and sketches often offered critical judgments of German society during the Weimar Republic. See full-sized image for analysis.
Mackensen’s work represents a more traditional style of art that many Germans were familiar with before World War I. This painting was featured in the 1937 Great German Art Exhibition in Munich, sponsored by the Nazis. See full-sized image for analysis.
Like his colleague Otto Dix, George Grosz was profoundly influenced and deeply affected by serving in the army during World War I. He was admitted to a military asylum for the shell-shocked and insane just before the war ended. This painting is a haunting portrait of a fanatical Prussian general. Grosz made dozens of satirical drawings of the officer class.