Jewish men are arrested by the SS during Kristallnacht in Baden-Baden, Germany, and forced to march through the streets to a nearby synagogue to see it destroyed.
What remained of the synagogue in Dortmund, Germany, after the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938.
After the Reichstag fire on February 27, 1933, Hitler ordered the arrest of anyone with ties to the Communist Party. By the end of March, approximately 20,000 people had been arrested.
Edith Reiss, from Bolton, England, describes witnessing antisemitic violence on the streets of Göttingen, Germany, when she was a visitor there in 1939.
Learn about the hundreds of anti-Jewish laws and measures passed in Germany during the first three years of World War II.