The Hitler Youth Movement every aspect of a German person's young life. Erika Mann, a German opposed to the Nazis, describes how even at a 12-year-old boy's birthday party, the intimidation and power of the Hitler Youth filters into the celebration.
Milton Mayer, an American college professor from Columbia University, wanted to find out how ordinary people initially reacted to Hitler's policies and philosophy. Seven years after the end of World War II, Mayer went to Germany and interviewed a cross-section of men throughout society. One of the interviews with a German college professor is excerpted in this audio recording.
The Hitler Youth Movement was an essential part of the Nazi Party's ideology and plan for the future. By the start of World War II in 1939, about 90% of "Aryan" children- girls and boys- in Germany belonged to Nazi youth groups. This audio reading explains through the eyes of Erika Mann, a German opposed to the Nazis, how the Hitler Youth groups operated.
In 1971 British journalist Gitta Sereny interviewed former SS officer Franz Stangl — the commandant of the death camp Sobibor and later Treblinka. The responses to the questions Sereny posed are excerpted in this audio reading. Stangl was arrested in Brazil in 1967, tried and found guilty in West Germany in 1970. His sentence was life imprisonment and he died of heart failure six months into his term in the Düsseldorf prison.