Key Groups and People

President Omar al-Bashir: Sudan’s president, who took power in a bloodless military coup in 1989. The International Criminal Court has an outstanding arrest warrant for President al-Bashir that includes five counts of crimes against humanity and two counts of war crimes for his violence against Sudanese citizens living in the Darfur region of Sudan.

John Bolton: United States ambassador to the United Nations under former President George W. Bush. He opposed support of the International Criminal Court on the part of the United States.

Thomas Lubanga Dyilo: A former rebel leader and founder of the Union of Congolese Patriots in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In 2006, Lubanga became the first person ever arrested under a warrant issued by the International Criminal Court for human rights violations, including the conscription of child soldiers.

FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, or the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia): Established in 1964 as the military wing of the Colombian Communist Party, FARC is financed by extortion, kidnapping, and the cocaine trade. It claims to represent the rural poor in a struggle against Colombia’s wealthier classes. It is considered a terrorist group by the Colombian government, the United States, Canada, and the European Union. 

Benjamin Ferencz: At 27, Ferencz became the Chief Prosecutor for the United States in the Einsatzgruppen Case. This case tried 22 Nazi criminals for murdering over one million people. All the defendants were convicted. Since then, Ferencz has spent his life using the law as a means to prevent genocide and other atrocities. 

General Joseph Kony: Kony is the head of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a guerilla group opposed to the Uganda government. In 2005, an arrest warrant from the International Criminal Court was issued against him on 12 counts of crimes against humanity and 21 counts of war crimes. 

Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA): A rebel group opposing the Uganda government, led by Joseph Kony. The LRA is accused of perpetrating atrocities, including the abduction of child soldiers and displacing at least a million people in northern Uganda. The LRA states that it is fighting on behalf of the Acholi people, yet the Acholi are also the victims of its actions. 

Luis Moreno-Ocampo: The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court.  

 

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