1. How were Nazi beliefs about “race” and the Nazis’ desire for “living space” connected? How did these beliefs about “race and space” influence Germany’s aggression toward other nations, groups, and individuals in the first years of World War II?
  2. Historian Peter Hayes writes that the “New Order” the Nazis had established in Europe by the end of 1941 was driven by two central principles: racism and economic exploitation. Find examples in this chapter of both of these principles in action. Which examples are most striking to you?
  3. Who benefited from German racism and economic exploitation during World War II? Who suffered? What evidence does this chapter provide to help explain why many Germans continued to support the Nazi regime? Were those who benefited complicit in their country’s violent aggression and mass murder?
  4. How were Jews further targeted and isolated by the Nazis during the first two years of the war? What choices remained available to Jews during this period? What dilemmas were they forced to confront? In what ways were they able to resist?
  5. Who protested actions taken by the Nazi regime during the events described in this chapter? What, specifically, did they protest? What reasons did they offer for their dissent? What were the consequences?

Proceed to Chapter 9: The Holocaust

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