This audio series shares voices from the Facing History community to help promote critical thinking about the dangers of indifference and the importance of civic participation. This page contains a list of all of our audio educator resources. Listen to Facing History audio here.

Featured Audio: Do You Take the Oath?

After German President Paul von Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934, Adolf Hitler combined the offices of president and chancellor to become Führer, Reich Chancellor and Chief of the Armed Forces. Until this time all German soldiers were required to take an oath of allegiance to the German state and president; from this point soldiers took a new oath swearing allegiance to the Führer alone. But soldiers were not the only ones required to take this new oath. This reading recounts one German worker's decision to take or ignore the oath of allegiance to the Führer and the dilemmas he faced in this decision.

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